Here I am going to provide all the information related to the king of fish "Discus". Hope this information serves as help to all discus hobbyists. If
you find any information which is wrong, or if you have any information to
share which I may have omitted then please feel free to write to me.
Size– As big as possible. The golden rule for
discus fish is ten gallons of tank per fish.
Filtration – Recommending:
power filters. If you have show tank, the filteration is must.
Water – Soft water is recommended for discus fish, it is not necessarily
required. However if you decide to go about preparing the water, you should
adhere strictly to some values in the tank.
PH : Preferably at 7 if possible.
5.5-6.5 would be best.
Temperatue : 84-86 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water changes – These should be the real filter for the tank. Water changes help keep
the pH in check, disease low, nitrates low, and the fish happy. You
should try to make a water change at least once in a week, but preferably
two or three times a week if possible.
Water preparation – It is good to have a system worked out where you have a storing container
in which to store water you are going to use before you use it for water
changes. This allows you time to age the water, by aerating it, adjusting
the pH, hardness, etc.
Feeding – Discus
really need to be fed at least twice a day, and more if they are immature
and still growing. A well balanced diet of both meaty and greeny foods
is recommended. A mixture of shrimp, beef heart, and many other ingredients
is a good way to get both. Also you can give optional food like tetra
bits, frozen bloodworms, brine shrimp. Avoid live foods like tubifex,
bloodworms, earth worms (for big discus fish only) etc.
Which Size of Discus – It is recommended that if you are planning to set up a show tank, where
the tank will have other inhabitants other than discus and the tank
will be landscaped or planted, that you begin with adults or near adults.
Buying adult discus ensures that the discus will not become stunted
in time from being fed too little or not having the water changed often
enough. Adults are also less likely to be effected by disease. As well,
the color on the adult fish will already be apparent when you buy it
as well, so no guessing will occur.
On the other hand, raising a group also the recommended way if you are
planning to try your hand at breeding later. Buying a group of six to
eight discus gives a good chance of having at least one pair. Also,
if you buy from a breeder (which you should), buy two different but
close sizes of fish, as males tend to grow faster than females when
young, and the breeder will probably give you fish of the same color
type all from the same spawn (i.e. of the same color type, get 3 large
and 3 medium sized fish).
2. Introduce discus in tank
Ensure your tank lights are off. It is advisable that they remain off for
the next 24 hours to allow the fish to settle in.
2. Float the bag in the tank for approximately 10 minutes to allow
the water temperature to equalise between the bag and your tank.
3 . Once you are satisfied that the fish have acclimatised, tilt the
bag and allow the fish to swim out into the tanks. Please remember
that the more patient you are with step 4 the less stressful the transition
from tank to bag.
5 . The tank lights should remain off until the following day whilst
the fish adjust to their new environment.
6. 24 hours after placing the fish in your tank you may switch the
lights on. Allow 30 minutes to an hour for the fish to adjust to the
lights before adding any food to the tanks.
3. Selecting Discus for your tank
are signs of good healthy discus.
Do the fish swim to the front of the tank?
Do they feed aggressively?
Do they look fat & in shape?
Do the eyes look clear and bright?
Do the fins are straight & tall upright?
Do they breathing normally?
Is the tank housing the young Discus clean and the water clear?
If the answers to all these questions are "yes,". These
are very encouraging signs indicating that the young fish are well
kept, quite healthy, of high quality, and that the transition from
the point of purchase to your home will be a smooth one.
Avoid to buy discus if you find the following signs in discus stock .
1. Dark color (Blackish). Possibility
2. Heavy breathing (except when they feed & tank not aerated
3. Non active.
4. When breathing only one side gill is working.
5. Hormoned discus (some breeder hormone fish to develop color).
6. Eyes looks big (possibe, fish is stunted)
4. Feeding Discus Fish
Discus really need
to be fed at least twice a day, and more if they are small and
still growing. A well balanced diet of both meaty and greeny foods
1. Tetra Bits
2. Mosquito Larvae
3. Daphnia (for small discus fry)
4. Glass Worms
5. Frozen Blood Worms (Live blood worms sometimes carry parasites)
6. Earth Worms
7. White Worms
8. Adult Brine Shrimp
* Don't feed live food like tubifex, bloodworms to your discus
Discus Meet Formula
50% Beaf heart stripped of fat
25% of Fish Fillets
20% of peeled Shrimp
5% Tetra Flake Food
Cook the fish and shrimp for 10-15 minutes. (Cooking is optional)
Drain all water and blood from hearts & fish.
Grind the hearts, fish and shrimp separately.
Mix the beaf hearts, fish and shrimp with the flake food.
Grind the mixed up ingredients one more time.
Put food into plastic container and close tightly and then store
Cut in small pieces when you feeding your fish.
5. Discus Fish Breeding Basic Information
You want to know whether they are male or female. By this article it’s little easy. These are only guides and they are not always 100% correct as in some circumstances females having male characteristics and males have female ones.
Here are ways to determine the sex of your discus
1. Size - Compare the size of your discus. Male discus tends to be bigger than the female.
2. The dorsal and anal fins - Take a good look at the dorsal and anal fins of your discus. If they are rounded then that’s a female and if pointed then it’s a male.
3. Head - Male discus forehead is little bigger & rounded that female
4. The colour and pattern of your discus
Look at the colour and pattern of your discus fish, compare them to one another in the tank. Male discus fish tend to have less intense colour but have more pattern while the female tends to be more colourful but with lesser pattern.
The most important factor in discus breeding is water quality, make sure it is soft, acidic and clean. If you have discus ready to lay eggs there are a few ways by which you can get good result.
The first way you can tempt them to lay is to feed a rich diet of frozen bloodworms or good beef heart mix for about a week. This should condition the female and get her ready to breed. Make sure you buy frozen food as there is less chance of disease.
Another way to encourage your discus to breed is by doing a 25% water change (trigger for spawning) but drop the temperature by a couple of degrees of the water going in. This is a little trick I use on all my young pairs when trying to get them to spawn. Make sure all the pH and hardness is the same making only the temperature different.
Spawning and fry raising
Once the couple has started to spawn, you can expect a new batch of eggs to be laid every week or every second week. The eggs will normally hatch within 48-72 hours and the fry is free-swimming after another 72 hours. The free swimming fry will swim up to their parents and start feeding on a special type of nutritious mucus produced by the skin of the parents. They can continue to feed off their parents for several weeks, but you should start giving them newly hatched brine shrimp as well when they have been free swimming for 5-6 days.